The objects of the National Arbitration and Peace Congress, which are expressed in its name, should appeal to all Christian people, and we are sure that they do appeal to Christian Scientists. The meetings to be held in New York from April 14 to 17 are auxiliary to the approaching meeting of the International Peace Conference at The Hague, which is announced for June 15 of this year, and they will do much toward intensifying the rapidly growing public sentiment in this country, which is entirely out of sympathy with war as the court of last resort for the settlement of international differences.

The program of the Congress, as above given, shows the world-wide scope of the movement, and the great array of distinguished men and women of this and other countries who will take part. This is as it should be, for the world is thoroughly awake to the wholly unchristian, unethical, and wasteful character of war, and is determined to abolish it forever.

In 1894 the Interparliamentary Union, a voluntary association of members of the national legislative bodies of the countries of the world, adopted a resolution in favor of an International Court of Arbitration, and from that year until 1898, when the International Peace Conference assembled at The Hague, in response to the call of Czar Nicholas II. of Russia, the question of forming such a court received much attention. In 1899 the committee appointed by the Conference reported a Convention for the Peaceful Adjustment of International Differences, which provided for a Court of Arbitration, and this Court has since done much effective work.

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April 13, 1907

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