Up in the hills behind Peekskill the first spadeful of dirt has been turned in the great engineering undertaking which will eventually furnish the city of New York with eight hundred million gallons of water a day, in addition to that which is available from the Croton and other existing sources of supply. The main reservoir, in which the waters of Esopus, Schoharie, and Catskill Creeks and the Rondout River, as well as of several smaller streams, will be impounded, is to be named the Ashokan Reservoir, whence the Catskill aqueduct, eighty miles long, will deliver the water without pumping to the Highview Reservoir in Yonkers, the location of which is far enough up in the hills to enable gravity distribution to all parts of New York, Brooklyn, and Richmond. The estimated cost of the Catskill system is $162,000,000.

It will be for Congress to say whether the United States shall return to China the difference between the total expenses and claims incurred in the suppression of the Boxer movement in 1900 and the amount of the indemnity awarded this country. Secretary Root has written a note to the Chinese Minister expressing the desire of the executive branch of the Government that the excess indemnity, nearly thirteen million dollars, be returned. The total of the indemnity levied on China by the Powers was $337,000,000, payable in instalments during a period of forty years. The amount was vastly in excess of reasonable money reparation and the expenses of the Powers combined.

Attorney General Bonaparte has under consideration, with a view to prosecution in the courts under the provisions of the Sherman Anti-trust Act, a case involving nearly all the railroads south of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi. The charge against these roads is to the effect that they have been operating under agreements to raise the rates for transportation on shipments of yellow pine lumber from the South to territory in the North.

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June 29, 1907

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