Items of Interest

The Daily Trade Record says: "Competitors of the Japanese in foreign markets, who had hoped that the new factory law, which will become effective in Japan on Sept. 1, would more nearly equalize working conditions, will be disappointed to discover that practically no reforms will be instituted and that the old fourteen hour day will continue in vogue with scarcely any restrictions. It was expected that the hours for women and children would be shortened, but this has not been done. The majority of women children are employed in factories for yarns, fabrics, and knitted fabrics. In fact, 60 per cent of the labor in these industries is made up of women and children.

"The Japanese Government has seen fit to establish a ten year period during which the hands may be worked thirteen to fourteen hours a day. There are more than three thousand children under twelve years working in Japanese factories. Between the ages of twelve and fourteen there are more than forty thousand children employees, 31,000 of whom are girls, and all of them work thirteen to fourteen hours a day and may be compelled to continue doing so under the new factory law. Between the ages of fourteen and sixteen there are considerably more than one hundred thousand boys and girls working in Japanese factories, and of these 91,000 are girls."

Discoveries concerning the nature of sun-spots, proof of the old nebular theory of spiral motion, and the determination of the distance from the earth of more than two hundred additional stars, were said to be the most important events of the last year by members of the American Astronomical Society at the closing session of the nineteenth annual convention at Philadelphia, Pa. The work of American astronomers has become a matter of considerable detail. Certain definite programs have been laid out, and each observatory in the country has been assigned to a specific phase of the work. While this coordination has virtually ended discoveries of a sensational nature, in the opinion of the sixty-five delegates it has in the last three years resulted in great strides forward for the science. And in addition it has laid the foundations for proving or disproving practically every theory of astronomy.

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Proper Use of Time
September 30, 1916

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