Bible Notes

[The Biblical citations given in the Christian Science Quarterly are from the Authorized King James Version. The Bible Notes in these columns can be used, if deemed necessary, to elucidate some of the words or passages contained in the Bible Lessons. The Notes in this issue are related to the Lesson-Sermon designated to be read in Christian Science churches on December 13, 1942.]

"I will ... feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers" (Ezek. 34:13) —The word which is here translated "rivers" refers more exactly to "channels, stream beds, or ravines" rather than to the "rivers" which flow in them. Hence the Revised Version renders: "... by the watercourses;" while Moffatt has: "feeding them on the uplands of Israel, in the valleys." It is not surprising that, writing in the flat country of Babylonia, Ezekiel anticipates with eager joy the approaching return to the "mountains" of his native land (compare verse 14).

"And ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, are men, and I am your God" (Ezek. 34:31)—In the Septuagint, the words "are men" (represented by the Hebrew form 'DM) are omitted, and it is supposed by scholars that this word found its way into the text by an unintentional duplication of the closely similar form 'TM, which immediately follows it in the manuscripts as they have come down to us. Moffatt clearly accepts this emendation, for he reads: "You are my own flock, the flock I tend, and I am your God."

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November 28, 1942

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