Shining a light on the weekly Bible Lessons published in the Christian Science Quarterly®

Adam and Fallen Man


God speaketh once, yea twice, yet man perceiveth it not. . . . Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? . . . When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

In chapter 33, young Elihu responds to Job’s complaints that God doesn’t hear him (see 19:7; 30:20). Elihu argues that God has indeed heard and answered Job (see vv. 14–30)—but that Job has not comprehended Him. 

God’s direct and detailed reply to Job begins in chapter 38. Comparing creation to founding and erecting a building, God describes the celebration that accompanies His work—a decisive reversal of Job’s curse at the outset of his troubles (see 3:1–10). At that point Job had likened his conception to a dark and starless night with “no joyful voice [re nānâ].” Now a related term (rānan) portrays the singing of the morning stars.

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Resources cited in this issue

RR: Keck, Leander E., et al., eds. The New Interpreter’s Bible Commentary. Vol. 1, Introduction to the Pentateuch. Genesis. Exodus. Leviticus. Numbers. Deuteronomy. Nashville: Abingdon, 2015; Barker, Kenneth, et al., eds. The NIV Study Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1995. 

Cit. 2: Buttrick, George Arthur, et al., eds. The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Vol. 3. Nashville: Abingdon, 1962.

Cit. 7: Wilkins, Michael J. NIV Application Commentary: From Biblical Text . . . to Contemporary Life. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2004.

Cit. 10: Keck, Leander E., et al., eds. The New Interpreter’s Bible Commentary. Vol. 8, Luke, John. Nashville: Abingdon, 2015.

Letters & Conversations
October 30, 2023

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