Euclid, circa 300 B.C.

[Mentioned in Science and Health, p. 329: Miscellaneous Writings, p. 78; Unity of Good, p. 6]

Euclid, the father of geometry, was a Greek by birth. Although there is no record of his academic training, he doubtless attended the Academy, which was flourishing then. His works on music, on celestial phenomena, and on optics were responsible for his contemporary fame, having more general appeal than his mathematical works.

Ptolemy I invited Euclid to Alexandria to help found the celebrated Museum and to be its first professor of mathematics. Archimedes was one of his pupils. Out of Euclid's teaching grew the "Elements." a compilation of all mathematical learning since Pythagoras, with additions by Euclid. The "Elements," consisting of thirteen books, became known in Western Europe through translations from the Arabic. The first English translation was published in 1570. The material in this textbook has been in use for more than two thousand years.

Mrs. Eddy Mentioned Them
Pliny the Younger (Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secunous) A.D. 62-113
August 10, 1957

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